Since the Middle Ages, this renowned city of art has been an important cultural, commercial, economic and financial centre. In modern times, it reprised its role as the capital of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany under the dominion of the Lorraine and Medici families.

It was the capital of Italy from 1865 to 1871, following the unification of the country in 1861.

This UNESCO World Heritage site is the birthplace of the Renaissance, and is universally recognized as one of the cradles of art and architecture. It is also renowned as one of the most beautiful cities in the world thanks to its numerous monuments and museums, including the Duomo, Santa Croce, the Uffizi Gallery, Ponte Vecchio, Piazza della Signoria and Palazzo Pitti.